Yang MuQing :Roaming ancient culture and civilization with the phase shape of realm of Oracle Bone Inscriptions
This article is based on the rough arrangement of some academic exploration and theoretical cognition in the process of improving the creation of Chinese calligraphy and painting art and the research of human ancient culture pedigree. It is a series of Bashu invitation exhibition activities of Yang MuQing’s calligraphy and painting works of ancient times, and one of the main contents of the exchange in the form of theme lecture exchange in the activities of ink painting and calligraphy in the“three Jin”, “Beijing Tianjin Hebei of Yang MuQing calligraphy and painting cultural activities”. With hundreds of real pictures and pictures of calligraphy and paintings on the spot, we can have an overview of the basic situation of ancient Chinese characters and ancient culture and civilization with Oracle Bone Inscriptions as clues. This is of positive significance for carrying forward, exploring, inheriting and developing Chinese excellent traditional culture and cultural self-confidence in the new era, and telling Chinese stories well. This is the feelings and mission of cultural people Life.
All knowledge and ideas may end up in a few words, a paragraph, a few manuscripts, or thousands of words. For example, the sentence “Du Fu’s death is only a personal tragedy, does not affect the process of power, only represents the helplessness of literati” to describe the great realist poet and poet Du Fu of Tang Dynasty, and write it in the calligraphy form of oracle bone inscriptions (created in summer 2018 / 0.56 square metre), in order to express my knowledge of “the sage of poetry”.For example, there are 324 words in preface to Lanting by Wang Xizhi, 3500 words in Shupu by sun Guoting, 57000 words in guangyizhoushuangji by Kang Youwei, 260 words in Xinjing by Buddha, 12000 words in Tanjing by liuzu, 5000 words in Daodejing by Laozi, and 15900 words in Analects of Confucius…I always feel that the more words you write, the more you can’t speak clearly, and the less words you have, the more unclear you can speak. Therefore, from ancient times to the present, many scholars’ works of literary theory of tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, millions and even tens of millions of words have been piled up on the desk. Who can understand what they say?
Oracle bone inscriptions are ancient characters written on tortoise shells and animal bones. They are relatively mature and complete characters in the early stage of current Chinese characters.About the autumn of 1899 in the Guangxu period of the late
Qing Dynasty, it was discovered by Wang Yirong, a epigraphist and the head of Guozijian, and then made public, received the attention and research of Liu e, Luo Zhenyu, Wang Guowei, Guo Moruo, Dong Zuobin, Tang Lan, Shang chengzuo, Yu Shengwu, Rao Zongyi, Chen Mengjia, Hu houxuan, Xu Zhongshu, Li Xueqin, and Japanese and foreign scholars such as takada Zhongzhou, Shimbun, Yongtian Yingzheng, chijing Qingmei, Shichun Miaoshi and Xu (JinxiongHsu Chin-hsiung) of Canada.It has been more than 120 years. It has made great achievements and formed an international academic research content, which plays an extremely important role in exploring the source of Chinese civilization and world culture (see “Yang MuQing: exploring the beauty of Chinese calligraphy from the oracle bone inscriptions – how to write good oracle bone calligraphy” courseware).
According to a large number of oracle bone materials unearthed from Yin Ruins in Anyang, Henan Province, about 2900 to 3500 years ago, these oracle bone materials mainly focus on Pan Geng, the 19th king of Shang Dynasty, and Xin (King Zhou of Yin), the 31st king of the last dynasty,about 273 years, 12 emperors of eight dynasties. Mr. Dong Zuobin, a famous scholar of oracle bone, divided the theory of “five periods” according to ten criteria, such as lineage, appellation and Zhenren.
In addition to the unearthed oracle bone inscriptions of Yin Ruins in Anyang, other places in Yanshi, Luoyang, Huixian and Zhengzhou Er Li Gang of Henan,and in Shanxi Hongdong, Beijing Changping, Shanxi Zhou Yuan have been discovered.For example, from 4500 to 5000 years ago, they are the inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells in Fengchu village of ancient Zhou Dynasty in Qishan County and Huayuan village in Doumen Township, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province. Up to now, there are about 150000 pieces of tortoise shells, with a total of about 1 million characters. There are about 6211 characters sorted out (see table of Oracle Bone glyphs compiled by Shen Jianhua and Cao Jinyan/ revised edition, page 209). According to the common saying, there are more than 4500 characters, about 1200 words can be interpreted and more than 2500 words can be confirmed as writing characters.
Of course, oracle bone inscriptions are not the oldest written characters in China. For example, the Liangzhu site in Zhejiang Province 5000 years ago, the Shuangdun site in Bengbu, Anhui Province, 7000 years ago, and the Jiahu Site in Wuyang, Henan Province, 8000 years ago were once considered to be the earliest written forms in China. In addition, the ancient rock paintings, the graphic depiction on pottery and jade are all earlier than the oracle bone inscriptions, which are the cultural information recorded by the ancestors using the materials available at that time. It can be determined that they are the important sources of oracle bone inscriptions, Shui script, Yi language, Jin and Jian script.
According to the common view of scholars in the past dynasties, oracle bone inscriptions are “inscriptions on tortoise shells or animal bones used by the royal family in the late Shang Dynasty for divination and recording.” According to my comprehensive research on oracle bone inscriptions combined with bronze inscriptions, ancient pictures, ancient cliff paintings and historical documents, I think that oracle bone inscriptions are not written on tortoise shells and animal bones because of the need of divination and recording of events. Its character is not written because of divination, but is written on tortoise shells and animal bones in order to protect and preserve historical and cultural archives. That is,“Yang MuQing’s theory that oracle bone inscriptions are not used for divination ”. For details, please refer to ‘Yang MuQing: a new breakthrough in the interpretation methods and thoughts of oracle bone inscriptions’, ‘Yang MuQing’s theory that oracle bone inscriptions are not used for divination: breaking the ideological shackles and breaking through the bottleneck of cognition’; ‘Yang MuQing’s theory that oracle bone inscriptions are not used for divination: three reasons for the errors in the interpretation and research of oracle bone inscriptions’, and ‘Yang MuQing: the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth chapters of the ballad that oracle bone inscriptions are not used for divination’and so on.
‘jing’ is the realm, the artistic conception, and the world of the object of mind; ‘xiang’ is the phase shape,such as the phase shape of ‘one closure and one creation is the change, endless communication is the connection, appearance is the phase shape’and ‘trance, trance, there is a phase shape’.The phase shape of realm is a phase of realm! Roaming is not ‘random play, aimless walk’, but a realm of ‘reading thousands of books and traveling thousands of miles’. It is a roaming in the process of learning to cultivate righteousness, to understand Tao and to spread enlightenment. Ancient times is a time term for cultural and historical years, which can be called ancient times. According to the scientific education of the Academy, it is called “prehistoric era” or “mythical age”. In ancient times, according to my opinion, there was no specific chronology in the cultural and historical periods (for example, China took the first year of the Republic of the Western Zhou Dynasty as the boundary, that is, 841 BC) They can be regarded as “ancient times”.
The cultural history of human beings is inherited, which will produce different presentations in the constant changes. Today we know that human beings have been living for more than two million years. In the era of no written records, human beings still have their cultural history. We should not divide them by “prehistory”. The cultural history of mankind is continuous. We should not blindly define the standard of human civilization with the birth of words. No discovery can’t mean that ancient human beings did not have cultural civilization. Don’t use limited, narrow, mechanical and materialistic ideas to understand and frame all the past of mankind!
First of all, we should know that the gate of heaven will open forever. How many people will go back and how many will come. Now living in the objective material world, the living body “human” can not only practice but also invent and create, What was it called before the appearance of human appellation?
Before the appearance of human appellation, human is called God, and God is human. Emperor, king, Duke, marquis, common people, citizen, jobless vagabond, dignitary, beggar and pawn are just the appellation of different historical stages and the division of different social classes. Human is human’s God, and God is human’s God. Human is human, human is not animal, do not take the animal type to belong to human is the attribute or compendium of animal.
Myth is human language, which is the spiritual inheritance of human history and culture. Chinese mythology is China’s history, China’s myth is China’s culture, and Chinese culture is the self-confidence power of Chinese people for millions of years!
The “God” of ancient China is not a religious and fictional God, but the spiritual power and cultural continuity of Chinese ancestors! Therefore, Huangdi Neijing has “the theory of ancient human beings”. Here are the following records: the Yellow Emperor said: I heard that people in ancient times were 100 years old through spring and autumn, and their movements were not bad; those of today’s people who were half a hundred years old and their movements were all failing would be lost because of different times.Qi Bo said to him: the ancient people, who knew how to learn from Yin and Yang, were in harmony with the number of skills, ate and drink regularly, lived a regular life, and did not work rashly. Therefore, they were able to keep both the body and the spirit, and spent their whole life in their lifetime. Today’s people, otherwise, take wine as the pulp, take arrogance as the norm, get drunk to have sex, exhaust their essence with desire, dissipate their true Qi for the sake of quick desire, thus dissipating the true Qi. They do not know how to control themselves, and do not often control their own mind. For the sake of instant happiness, they violate the normal law of life and have no principles of life. Therefore, they grow old at the age of 50.
The Yellow Emperor said: I heard that there were people who had Tao in ancient times. They grasped the law of yin and Yang in nature, breathed the subtle spirit of nature, kept the spirit independently, and integrated inside and outside, so that they could live together with the heaven. In the middle ages, there were people who had the highest moral integrity, who were harmonious with Yin and Yang, and who were transferred to the four seasons. They passed away from the secular world, accumulated their essence, and traveled between the heaven and the earth. In addition to hearing and hearing, they benefited their life, and the strong also belonged to the people of Tao. Secondly, there are sages who live in the harmony of heaven and earth, conform to the laws of nature, and have appropriate desires between the secular world. They have no resentment and are satisfied with their behavior. They do not pay attention to or participate in the world’s disturbances. They do not feel tired because of something. They have no obstacles in thinking. They takes pleasure as their duty and takes self satisfaction as their credit. They are not depressed in body and spirit. They can also be counted in hundreds.Once again, there is a realm, that is the person of virtue, who take the road of heaven and earth movement left by the ancients as the rule. Keep the harmony between the sun and the moon. To distinguish the orbit of stars, they can judge the exact time of the cycle of the four seasons and predict the good and bad fortune of the world. they hope that by learning the laws of heaven and earth handed down by ancient sages, they can finally achieve harmony with heaven and earth. Through surface imitation, their lifespan can also be increased, but it is also limited.